Agriculture sector has become highly vulnerable under the twin menace of changing climate and inherent poor fertility of soils in Pakistan. This coupled with highly input intensive farming to feed the ever increasing population are posing grave threats to the sustainability of farming. The prevailing water scarcity, poor soil fertility and erratic impacts of climate change necessitate to develop technologies and products for improving yield and net returns to farmers. Soil and Environmental Sciences Division (S&ESD) conducts applied research using conventional and nuclear techniques to provide sustainable solutions to the existing and forthcoming issues being faced by the farming community of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The core objective of S&ESD is to ensure food security and safety by improving crop productivity and profitability of the farming sector through technology-based interventions.
Soil and Environmental Sciences Division (S&ESD) has been mandated with enhancement in crop yield and soil productivity by developing and deploying technology packages using conventional and nuclear techniques. The main objectives of S&ESD are as under: